Some Photoshopping Basics.

  • Try to start with the best photo possible. Sometimes we are trying to capture a spontaneous moment and the photo may not be as well composed as we would like; and it is more important to capture the moment than look after the other details. Nonetheless, the fewer things to deal with afterward the easier photo touching is.
  • Rule of thirds. If we (mentally) divide an image vertically and horizontally into three even sections, thereby forming nine equally shaped rectangles, we have a good framework for composing a picture. Try cropping a picture so that it fits into the rule of thirds. If people’s eyes are one third from the top of the picture the photo tends to look well proportioned. Scenery that follows the rule of thirds proportions also seems to work well. Then again, if an exception to the rule works for one particular case, then use the exception.
  • Remove the odd details of the image. If something is distracting in the picture it has to go. The subject of the photo needs to be without anything that rivals for attention. Spots, unnatural looking shadows, lens flare, reflective hot spots and anything else that does not look like an organic part of the picture will serve as a distraction. The spot healing brush tool is good for this.
  • The amount of detail in a picture can be an issue. While we tend to prefer high resolution images that show all the fine details the higher resolution can work against us. if the details of an object are finer than the resolution of the camera we can find there are wavy lines (moire) on the photo. Else, we might find many details in the background of a shot are distracting. Using a low-pass filter on these sections will blur the details, and give better overall effect. This blurring should look natural; avoid overdoing it.

 

Real Estate Photo Editing

Real Estate Photo Editing Services aim to present an accurate picture of a house under ideal conditions. Real Estate Photo Retouching Services hardly ever need to deal with people in the photo, but they do have to deal with lighting that should look natural, and details that are not the point of the image.  Real Estate Photo Retouching aims to show the prospective buyer the fundamentals of what is for sale. If should be an accurate portrait of the house, what a new owner would experience after purchase.

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Makeup Affecting the Skin

shutterstock_264683666

Makeup, like many things, varies in quality; and quality loosely translates to price. One area to watch for is toxic, or suspect, ingredients. The full list of problem substances is extensive, with the European Union banning about 1000 additives. A list of the most suspect ingredients includes:

 

  • Oxybenzone – Mostly found in sunscreen, sometimes in moisturisers. It apparently has a negative effect on hormones.
  • Phthalates – Found in soap, shampoo and nail polish. This affects the reproductive system.
  • Petroleum products- These are from the same source as petrol and oil. Apart from dermatitis that may be carcinogenic.
  • Formaldehyde – This is found in many cosmetics, as well as plastic goods and carpets. It is thought to be carcinogenic, to aggravate allergies, and tends to cause physical and mental fatigue. New carpet/new car smell is largely formaldehyde.
  • Fragrance/synthetic fragrance – Unless the fragrance is specified it is an unknown factor. There could be 100 chemical in the scent, all of which are an unknown risk.
  • Toluene – Used to make nail polish apply smoothly. This is less of a risk if not inhaled; use in a well-ventilated area.

 

Ingredients in skin care products can get into our bodies and affect us. It is best to avoid anything suspect, and slightly safer to stick with better quality products and established companies. Yet even this is not fool proof. European cosmetic products have stricter guidelines compared to the USA, but there are almost certainly chemical hazards not yet uncovered. Avoid anything that is the obvious cause of a problem, and try eliminating products if you find yourself suffering allergies of feeling physical or mentally fatigued.

 

Wedding Makeup Sydney

Bridal makeup uses higher quality products, which tend to be lower risk. One reason for a trail makeup session is to look for complication. Allergic reactions are very rare, these products have been used and retained because they have proved safe, but it is best to be sure.

LIGHT HEART WEDDING – LENS PERFORMANCE CHARTS

 

The Optical performance of a lens (or at least some aspects of its performance) can be expressed on a Modulation Transfer Function Chart (MTF). They are an objective measurement of lens performance, which can be useful for making comparisons between lenses. Of course, sometimes objective measurements miss certain factors; we all have the experience of two pieces of equipment with identical specs giving different results. Nonetheless, these MTF charts are useful.

 

MTF charts compare a hypothetical lens that allows 100% light transmission to a real lens, which has less than 100% transmission. We can see how the light transference characteristic of the real lens varies from the centre of the lens to the outer rim. A fairly flat line represents even light transmission across the whole area of the lens. A line that dips towards the right shows there is less light entering through the rim than there is in the centre. Flatter responses are superior, but no real lens has perfectly even light transference.

 

As the centre of the lens gives the best performance we can adjust the aperture of the camera so that only this centre of the lens is used. This will give sharp images. On the other hand, we might want to have our background out-of-focus, in which case we use a wider aperture which corresponds to more of the lens diameter. The softness of the out of focus background is called the bokeh. This is shown on the chart by the distance between lines taken at different aperture settings. The closer the lines are together for different aperture setting the softer the out of focus section will be. This is better bokeh.

 

In simple terms, the higher the lines are on the MTF chart the better. Flatter lines show a lens has more even light transmission across its whole diameter. The closer the lines are together at different apertures the softer the focus.

 

 

 

 

LIGHT HEART WEDDING – MUSIC

light heart wedding

We often don’t really notice the music playing, but if the wedding video was completely silent we would want to know what is wrong! Music is part of the video, though it should complement the images and never distract from them.

 

Always look to the married couple when considering the music. If they give you a list then that is a good starting point, but there is a chance the list is just their favourite songs in general, not a good choice for the wedding video. It is an indication, however. If they give you a long enough list there will probably be a few appropriate songs. Wedding videos often only need two.

 

Using a song that was popular with the crowd on the night is a reasonably safe bet, provided that it also suits the wedding footage. A dance number might well work with footage of the reception, but probably not with the ceremony.

 

Soundtracks are usually made to suit the film, but films are occasionally edited to suit the music. There is no hard and fast rule, except that the two must fit together. If you have a lot of ‘B-roll’ shots that work in isolation but not as a narrative you can sometimes make them fit together as a collage. This tends to look a little more like a preview than a story, but it can work well in moderation.

 

Occasionally you might add music to a background with other audio. Speeches might be best with complete silence, or you might have several highlights of several different speeches linked by some music behind them. I strongly lean towards instrumentals here, but there is probably a counter example somewhere.

 

Copyright Wedding Video Music.

Of course copyright on the music will almost always be an issue, and you can be fined if the video is ever shown online. Either license the music or go to sites like PremiumBeat that lets you pay once for all the music you will need. Otherwise, you might find you bride isn’t able to share the day’s video with anybody.

LIGHT HEART WEDDING – PHOTOGRAPHING A WHITE WEDDING DRESS.

Wedding Photography.

Wedding dresses tend to be white, which is something that causes problems with camera exposure. A white dress will look like a very bright object, which it is; but auto-adjusting cameras look at the total amount of light coming into a lens. A large white object is seen as a bright image, and an automatic camera will lower the overall light intensity in an effort to compensate. This will result in underexposed image.

 

When the bride is only one individual in a group photo this problems tend to be less significant. But there will always be wedding photos where the bride is the centre of attention. This can be difficult to photograph correctly as the images can be underexposed, and the details of the dress tend to be lost. Considering the time and effort that goes into any wedding dress this is not something that can be neglected.

 

Manual cameras.

For all the variations that occur in photos the human face will almost always require a natural look, unless you are deliberately going for an unusual effect. If you get the individuals face looking naturally right the rest of the image should fall into place. If you use a light meter you should use the face as a reference point.

 

Automatic Cameras.

A cheap automatic camera usually does a satisfactory job under normal conditions, but auto-adjust will tend to underexpose a bride in a white wedding dress. If you can adjust the camera’s exposure up by one increment that is often sufficient, but experiment, as every camera is different. Some auto-adjusting cameras give you several day/nigh/macro options. Finding the right option here can make all the difference to the final image.

 

More advanced digital cameras let you select the point in the image that you want to use as a reference point. As with light meters you should use the individuals face as the reference, and the camera should be able to make the necessary adjustments.

 

The light source is important in every photo. If you want to capture all the details of the bride’s dress, which do tend to have intricate detail, it is important to have the light working well for you. A good starting point is to angle the bride’s shoulder forward and towards the light source. This should provide light that is not too directs, allowing natural shadow and highlight to neatly reveal the dress details.

 

It was always possible to make some adjustment at the development stage of photography. Digital images have more options than ever with Photoshop. But even when mistakes can be corrected it is in your best interest to have unprocessed images that don’t require more of your time.

 

 

LIGHT HEART WEDDING – PHOTOGRAPHING A WHITE WEDDING DRESS.

Wedding Photography.

Wedding dresses tend to be white, which is something that causes problems with camera exposure. A white dress will look like a very bright object, which it is; but auto-adjusting cameras look at the total amount of light coming into a lens. A large white object is seen as a bright image, and an automatic camera will lower the overall light intensity in an effort to compensate. This will result in underexposed image.

 

When the bride is only one individual in a group photo this problems tend to be less significant. But there will always be wedding photos where the bride is the centre of attention. This can be difficult to photograph correctly as the images can be underexposed, and the details of the dress tend to be lost. Considering the time and effort that goes into any wedding dress this is not something that can be neglected.

 

Manual cameras.

For all the variations that occur in photos the human face will almost always require a natural look, unless you are deliberately going for an unusual effect. If you get the individuals face looking naturally right the rest of the image should fall into place. If you use a light meter you should use the face as a reference point.

 

Automatic Cameras.

A cheap automatic camera usually does a satisfactory job under normal conditions, but auto-adjust will tend to underexpose a bride in a white wedding dress. If you can adjust the camera’s exposure up by one increment that is often sufficient, but experiment, as every camera is different. Some auto-adjusting cameras give you several day/nigh/macro options. Finding the right option here can make all the difference to the final image.

 

More advanced digital cameras let you select the point in the image that you want to use as a reference point. As with light meters you should use the individuals face as the reference, and the camera should be able to make the necessary adjustments.

 

The light source is important in every photo. If you want to capture all the details of the bride’s dress, which do tend to have intricate detail, it is important to have the light working well for you. A good starting point is to angle the bride’s shoulder forward and towards the light source. This should provide light that is not too directs, allowing natural shadow and highlight to neatly reveal the dress details.

 

It was always possible to make some adjustment at the development stage of photography. Digital images have more options than ever with Photoshop. But even when mistakes can be corrected it is in your best interest to have unprocessed images that don’t require more of your time.

 

 

LIGHT HEART WEDDING – TOOLS OF THE TRADE.

light heart wedding

A few tools make wedding photography and wedding videography a little better.

 

TAPE: Film sets and concerts use gaffer tape, but real cloth gaffer tape is pricey. An alternative is scotch tape. There are also a few cheap versions of gaff available. Use these from time to time to hols anything in place.

LENS PUFFER: A simple device that blows air across the camera lens to remove dust. They last for years and you will use it several times a day. Much simpler than other cleaning methods.

MICROFIBER CLEANING CLOTHS: When there is more than dust on the lens a microfiber cloth will get rid of grease and fingerprints. Gets rid of bacteria too. SPUDZ brand has one that retracts into a pouch.

LENS PEN: Another lens cleaning product. This soaks up grease and smudges.

MINI SPRING CLAMPS: Hold up signs, or cables to tripods. Use them to tie up curtains. Some short lengths of rope are useful too.

A MONOPOD:  Tripods are great, but a little bulky. When you need to hold the camera super steady a monopod works really well and is much less bulky than a tripod. Many retract into a very small space.

FLUID LEVEL: We should be going by how the photo looks straight, but an indication of objective level is good too. Devices that mount on the top of the camera are convenient.

BATTERY CHARGER: You should have as many spare batteries as possible. But you can also charge some spare batteries while you take the photos. There are now solar chargers built into camera straps, so you leave the battery in the camera bag and let them charge.

SHOES: Stylish but super comfortable shoes that can be worn all day. You have to look slick and professional at a wedding, but you will be wearing the same shoes for 12 hours. If you can find footwear that looks formal and feels comfortable, buy several pairs. The same goes for socks – take a spare pair with you.

POCKET FLASHLIGHT: from time to time you will have to crawl behind curtains looking for a power-point, search for a dropped item in dim light or basically need a flashlight for something.

PRISM LENS: A block of transparent material that separates white light into a rainbow spectrum; think of that pink Floyd cover. Once you have one you will find creative ways to use it.

COLLAPSIBLE REFLECTOR: Reflect some light onto you subject and soften shadows. Some of these reflectors give you silver, gold or white surfaces to reflect from. Collapsible just make it all that more portable. You can also use it strategically to stop reflections.

PORTABLE SHADE: Just having a cloth over the top of the camera makes all the difference in hot sunny weather.

 

Also:

  • Eye drops
  • Aspirin or something similar.
  • Caffeine/Ginseng or some stimulant.
  • Spare memory. It’s quite cheap and very small, so have plenty of it.

 

Wedding photographers benefit from the extra tools. Even if the tools are hardly used it just makes the experience better; like you have all the equipment, you are prepared for anything, and you’re really taking the job seriously.